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Changes in the use of electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products, as well as the attitude towards their legislative regulation among the population of Ukraine in 2017-2020

Kiev International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an All-Ukrainian survey "Thoughts and views of the population of Ukraine (Omnibus)" from 10 to 20 February 2017, from 9 to 20 February 2019, and from 28 January to 20 February 2020.

A total of 2,040 respondents were interviewed in 2017, 2,042 respondents in 2019, and 2,038 respondents in 2020. The surveyed respondents have been sampled of those living in 110 settlements of all regions of Ukraine (in the controlled area). The applied stratified four-stage random sample is representative of the adult population permanently residing in Ukraine. The sampling frame does not include those in the military service, in prisons or medical institutions (hospitals, medical boarding schools).

The statistical error of the sample (with a probability of 0.95 and a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed:

o 3.3% for indicators close to 50%,

o 2.8% for indicators close to 25 or 75%,

o 2.0% for indicators close to 12 or 88%,

o 1.4% for indicators close to 5 or 95%,

o 0.7% for indicators close to 1 or 99%.

 

The prevalence of smoking electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products (hereinafter - HTP) in 2020 compared to 2019 has increased substantially. Among men who are current cigarette smokers, the percentage of e-cigarette smokers has increased from 3.9% to 6.4% over the last year, and among women, this portion has increased from 5.8% to 13.2%, respectively. Between 2019 and 2020, the percentage of HTP smokers also increased: among men, from 1.5% to 6.1%, and among women, from 3.4% to 10.5% among current smokers.

 

According to the survey, people consider it necessary to regulate and control e-cigarettes and HTPs. More than 85% of Ukrainians oppose advertising and the visible placement of cigarettes and new tobacco products in stores, and more than 90% of respondents agree that the sale of e-cigarettes to minors should be banned and the list of public places free from smoking should be expanded.

Annexes. Tables

Table 1. Percentage of current smokers who reported using e-cigarettes and vapes within the last 30 days, by gender, and year, 2017, 2019 and 2020

Gender Year N % (95%CI)
Men 2017 413 1.7 (0.4-2.9)
  2019 412 3.9 (2.0-5.7)
  2020 390 6.4 (4.0-8.8) *↖
Women 2017 126 2.4 (0.0-5.0)
  2019 120 5.8 (1.6-10.0)
  2020 152 13.2 (7.8-18.5) *↖
N - number of current smokers *↖ - there is a significant increase compared to the first listed survey

95%CI - 95% confidence interval

 

Table 2. Percentage of current smokers and non-smokers who reported using heated tobacco products within the last 30 days, by gender, and year, 2019 and 2020

Gender Year N % (95%CI)
Men 2019 412 1.5 (0.3-2.6)
  2020 391 6.1 (3.8-8.5) *↗
Women 2019 119 3.4 (0.1-6.6)
  2020 153 10.5 (5.6-15.3)
N - number of respondents*↗ - there is a significant increase compared to the previous survey

95%CI - 95% confidence interval

 

Table 3. Percentages of respondents who expressed various attitudes to tobacco control policies, 2017-2020

Policy Year N Strongly approve Approve Disapprove Strongly disapprove No answer
               
Point-of-sale tobacco advertising ban 2017 2026 46.3 21.8 11.0 8.1 12.8
  2019 2028 67.9 15.6 4.8 4.8 6.9
  2020 2038 78.3 9.0 4.0 4.7 3.9
Making more public places smoke-free 2019 2031 68.0 18.3 4.6 3.7 5.5
  2020 2038 77.9 12.5 3.3 2.9 3.5
Ban of e-cigarette sales to minors 2019 2033 76.3 12.5 2.2 2.6 6.5
  2020 2038 84.7 6.8 2.2 2.1 4.2
Ban of heat-not-burn products use in public places 2020 2038 80.7 9.4 2.6 2.5 4.9
N - number of respondents

 

 

 

 

 



 

8.9.2020
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