KYIV
INTERNATIONAL
INSTITUTE of
SOCIOLOGY
sociological and
marketing
research
tel. 537-3376
office@kiis.com.ua

ESC or click to close

There are more patients with Covid-19 in Ukraine than according to official statistics! Opinions of the population of Ukraine on the problems of the COVID-19 pandemic: assessment of morbidity, risk of infection and attitudes to vaccination

The press release was prepared by KIIS PR Manager Tetiana Piaskovska

During April 13-15, 2021, the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. By the method of computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) on the basis of a random sample of mobile telephone numbers 2001 respondents were interviewed living in all regions of Ukraine (except the Autonomous Republic of Crimea). The sample is representative for the adult population (18 years and older) of Ukraine. The sample does not include territories that are temporarily not controlled by the authorities of Ukraine - the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, certain districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

In Luhansk and Donetsk regions, the survey was conducted only in the territory controlled by the Ukrainian authorities.

Statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and taking into account the design effect of 1.1) does not exceed 2.4% .

To the question "Have you already been sick or are you currently suffering from COVID 19? / Why do you think it's COVID 19 - did the tests or just by the symptoms?", 65% of therespondents answered that they were not sick, 29% - that they were sick. Of those who were sick, 17% did the test, 12% - experienced symptoms.


Graph
1.  Have you already been sick or are you currently suffering from COVID 19? / Why do you think this is COVID 19 - did the tests or only by symptoms?

 

  • To the question"Are you in person ready to get vaccinated in the next few months?", 43% answered that they are ready, 53% - that they are not ready. Compared to March, the attitude to vaccination improved: the number of people ready to be vaccinated increased by 10 percentage points (from 33% to 43%), and the number of those not ready - decreased by 9 percentage points (from 62% to 52%).

    Graph 2. Are you in person ready to get vaccinated in the next few months?

 

  • To the question"Why aren't you ready to get vaccinated?" most answered that vaccines have not yet been sufficiently tested (40%); the second most popular answer is distrust of vaccines that currently exist in Ukraine (33%). "The effects of the vaccine may be worse than those of Covid" - 20% of respondents believe; 17% do not trust any vaccination. See graph3

    Graph 3. Why aren't you ready to get vaccinated? (among those who are not ready to do)

Comment by KIIS Director General Volodymyr Paniotto

We finished the survey on April 15. On April 16, according to official statistics (I took the data from Johns Hopkins University) became sick with Covid 1974056, i.e. about 2 million people. According to the survey, 29.1% became sick, of which 16.9% determined it by tests, and 12% only by symptoms. If we take into account only those who did the tests, take into account the error and take the lower border (see table below), then among the adult population (18 years and older) became sick 4.4 million people. This means that in Ukraine, patients are at least twice as many as according to official statistics. If to take into account that 2 million of official statistics include people under the age of 18, and that some of those who believe that they had Covid, but did not do the tests, could also be right, then patients we may havethree times more of us than according to official statistics.

What could this be related to? In my opinion, this cannot be due to the insincerity of the respondents, they are not motivated to say that the tests confirmed that they were ill, if it was not so. I do not know the protocols for collecting information about Covid's cases, but perhaps private clinics and commercial testing centers do not always report Covid's cases and this data does not get into the centralized system? Another, perhaps more substantiated hypothesis, expressed by the expert, looking at these data - the Ministry of Health considers the correct diagnosis only by PCR tests, and our respondents understand the tests as any tests (e.g., antibodies and antigen).

Table.  Calculation of the possible number of patients with Covid among the population aged 18+.

  % Lower border Upper border
Became sick 29,1 26,9 31,3
of them - did tests 16,9 15,1 18,7
of them – determined by symptoms 12 10,5 13,6
  Number Lower border Upper border
Became sick 8 559 722 7 912 861 9 206 584
of them - did tests 4 973 641 4 440 093 5 507 188
of them – determined by symptoms 3 540 506 3 086 047 3 994 965

 

ANNEX.    Distribution of answers by regions and age. Other questions

The incidence rate of COVID 19, by regions[1]:

  • The largest number of those who have been or are currently suffering from COVID 19 is observed in the Western region (34%), slightly less in the Center (30%). In the East, 27% of respondents said so. The lowest number of those who have been or are currently suffering from COVID 19 is in the Southern region (24%)
  • The largest number of those who were sick was found by the test - in the Western region (20%), the smallest - in the South (12%). At the Center, the disease was diagnosed using the test by 18% of respondents in the East15%.
  • Experienced symptoms of coronavirus, but did NOT take the test: 13% of residents of the Western region, 12% - Central; in the East and South - equally, 11%.
  • The number of those who did not suffer from COVID 19 is the highest in the Southern region (70%) and the lowest in the West (61%). 65% did not get sick in the Center, in the East67%.

 

The incidence rate of COVID 19, by age:

  • The largest number of those who have been or are currently suffering from COVID 19isamong youth, the smallestamong elderly: 18-29 years36%, 30-39 years32%, 40-49 years27%, 50-59 years34%60+ years21%.
  • Among them, the largest number of those who diagnosed the disease with help of test – among people, aged 50-59 years (22%), the smallestamong elderly, 60+ years(11%).
  • The largest number of those who identified the disease by symptoms - among youth of 18-29 years (16%), the smallest – among elderly, 60+ years(10%).
  • The largest number of those who did not get sick among elderly, 60+ years(73%), the smallest  among people aged18-29 yearsand 50-59 years(equally, 61%)

 

 

Table 1.Have you already been sick or are you currently suffering from COVID 19? / Why do you think this is COVID 19 - did the tests or only by symptoms? 

100% in the column Regions Age
West Center South East 18-29years 30-39years 40-49years 50-59 years 60+years
Were sick: 34.0 30.1 23.8 26.5 35.6 32.3 27.1 34.3 21.4
Test 20.4 18.1 12.3 15.2 20.1 20.0 14.4 22.2 11.3
Symptoms 13.4 11.8 11.3 11.3 15.5 11.8 12.8 11.9 9.9
Other 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Difficult to say 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2
Were not sick: 61.0 64.7 70.4 66.5 60.7 62.5 64.6 60.7 73.1
Difficult to say 5.0 5.3 5.8 7.0 3.8 5.2 8.2 5.1 5.5

 

Level of readiness for vaccination, by regions:

  • More than half of the population in all regions of Ukraine are not ready to be vaccinated: most of them in the Southern and Eastern regions (54% and 55%, the difference is not significant), slightly less - in the Center and West (51% and 50%, the difference is not significant)
  • In all regions of Ukraine, a quarter or more of the population is ready for vaccination, most of them in the Western region (47%), slightly less in the Center (44%). Among the residents of Southern and Eastern Ukraine are ready to get vaccinated 39%.

Graph 4. Are you ready to get vaccinated in the next few months? Distribution by regions of Ukraine, %  

 

[1] West - Volyn, Zakarpattia, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Rivne, Ternopil, Khmelnytskyi and Chernivtsi regions,

  Center - Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr, Kirovohrad, Kyiv, Poltava, Sumy, Chernihiv regions and Kyiv city,

  South - Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhia, Mykolaiv, Odesa and Kherson regions,

  East - Donetsk, Luhansk and Kharkiv regions.

 

Level of readiness for vaccination, by age:
  • The largest number of those who are not ready to be vaccinated are among elderly 30-39 years (63%), the smallestamong elderly, 60+ years(41%)
  • The largest number of those who are ready to be vaccinated – among elderly, 60+ years(53%), the smallest – among people aged 30-39 years(31%)


Graph 5. Are you ready to get vaccinated in the next few months? Distribution by age, %

Graph 6. According to your estimates,how the incidence of coronavirus in Ukraine has been changing recently?

 

To the question "How do you assess the risk of COVID 19 infection in your family over the next 6 months?", 37% answered that the risk is low (31% thought so in March), 35% - medium (39% in March), 15% - that the risk is high (it was 16%, the difference is not significant).

 

Graph 7.  How do you assess the risk of COVID 19 infection in your family over the next 6 months?

 

3.5.2021
Go up | Back
FILTR BY DATE
Year:
Month: