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Attitude to the unitary state and separatism in Ukraine

In a period from April 29 to May 11, 2014 Kyiv International Institute of Sociology conducted the nationwide public opinion survey by  Ivan Katchanovski (Ph.D. in Political Sciences, University of Ottawa, Canada)order: 2022 respondents living in 110 settlements in all regions of Ukraine (except Crimea) were personally interviewed. The sample is random and representative for the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.

Statistical sample error (with probability of 0.95 and design-effect of 1.5) does not exceed:

3,3% — for indicators close to 50%;
2,8% — for indicators close to 25%;
2,0% — for indicators close to 10%;
1,4% — for indicators close to 5%.

 

During the survey KIIS identified attitudes to the different variants of the unitary state and separatism in Ukraine. The following results were observed:

  • The majority of respondents prefer maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with extended authority - 53.2%. Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with current authority is supported by 22.7%; autonomy within a federal Ukraine is supported by 6.9%; separation from Ukraine and independent state establishment is supported by 1.9%; separation from Ukraine and joining other state is supported by 4.7% of respondents

  • There is a significant difference in attitudes to the unitary state and separatism between ethnic Ukrainians and minorities, mainly the Russian one. At the same time difference in opinions on this issue between the Ukrainian-speaking and the Russian-speaking respondents is much smaller.

  • Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine but with extended authority is supported by the majority of respondents in all geographic and historical regions, except Donbas: 69,7% of Donbas population either do not plan to vote or have not decided yet whom to vote for in the presidential elections on May 25, 2014.

 

Addition

 Table1. Whichvariantofyourregionstatus would you choose, if there was such opportunity?

Variants Ukraine in general, %
Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with current authority 22.7
Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with extended authority 53.2
Autonomy within a federal Ukraine 6.9
Separation from Ukraine and independent state establishment 1.9
Separation from Ukraine and joining other state 4.7
DIFFICULT TO ANSWER/ DO NOT KNOW/ HAVE NOT DECIDED YET 10.6
TOTAL 100

 

by the nationality:

Table 2

Variants Ukrainians Russians Ukrainians and Russians * Others
Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with current authority 25.2 7.9 8.8 22.9
Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with extended authority 57.2 34.5 22.8 28.6
Autonomy within a federal Ukraine 4.7 19.7 17.5 14.3
Separation from Ukraine and independent state establishment 1.1 6.1 8.8 2.9
Separation from Ukraine and joining other state 2.3 16.2 24.6 14.3
DIFFICULT TO ANSWER/ DO NOT KNOW/ HAVE NOT DECIDED YET 9.5 15.7 17.5 17.1
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

 














*Ukrainians and Russians – people with dual Ukrainian-Russian identity , who consider themselves equally Ukrainian and Russian (look at Table 4)

By the regions:

Table 3. Which one from the following variants of your region status would you choose, if there was such possibility?

  Galychyna
1
Volyn
2
Zakarpattya
3
Bukovyna
4
Donbas
5
Other East
6
South
7
Center 8
Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with current authority 21.9 40.4 10.9 12.8 9.3 17.8 23.4 30.5
Maintaining the current status in the unitary Ukraine with extended authority 67.9 58.5 83.6 69.2 25.7 55.2 58.9 53.8
Autonomy within a federal Ukraine 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.5 9.5 7.0 2.3
Separation from Ukraine and independent state establishment 0.0 0.0 0.0 0. 8.4 2.1 .5 .4
Separation from Ukraine and joining other state .4 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.5 3.2 2.3 1.0
DIFFICULT TO ANSWER/ DO NOT KNOW/ HAVE NOT DECIDED YET 9.8 1.1 5.5 17.9 10.6 12.2 7.9 11.9
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

 

[1] Galychyna – Lvivska, Ivano-Frankivska, Ternopilska oblast (regions);

[2] Volyn – Volynska, Rivnenska oblast (regions);

[3] Zakarpattya – Zakarpatska oblast (region);

[4]  Bukovyna – Chernivetska oblast (region);

[5]  Donbas – Donetska, Luhanska oblasts (regions);

[6]  Other East – Dnipropetrovska, Zaporizka, Kharkivska oblasts (regions);

[7]  South – Odeska, Mykolaivska, Khersonska oblasts (regions);

[8]  Center – Zhytomyrska, Vinnitska, Kirovogradska, Khmelnytska, Cherkaska, Poltavska, Sumska, Chenigivska, Kyivska oblasts (regions) and Kyiv.

 

Table 4. I am asking you to answer the question about the national identity to write it down in the most accurate way. This is because some people consider themselves to be of several nationalities at the same time. Look through this card, please, and answer which variant of these is more than others responds to your opinion of your nationality.

I consider myself to be…

  Ukraine in general, %
Only Ukrainian 76.2
Ukrainian as well as Russian, but more Ukrainian 5.1
Equally Ukrainian and Russian 8.0
Russian as well as Ukrainian, but more Russian 3.9
Only Russian 6.4
Other variant 0.4
Total 100

22.5.2014
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